Albany, New York - Wikipedia. Albany, New York. City. Official name: City of Albany. Name origin: Named for the Scottish Duke of Albany, whose title comes from the Gaelic name for Scotland: Alba. Motto: Assiduity. Roughly 1. 50 miles (2.
New York City, Albany developed on the west bank of the Hudson River, about 1. Mohawk River. The population of the City of Albany was 9. Albany constitutes the economic and cultural core of the Capital District of New York State, which comprises the Albany- Schenectady- Troy, NY Metropolitan Statistical Area, including the nearby cities and suburbs of Troy, Schenectady, and Saratoga Springs. With a Census- estimated population of 9. This was the first European settlement in the state, settled by Dutch colonists who built Fort Nassau for fur trading in 1.
Fort Orange in 1. They formed successful relations with both the Mahican and the Mohawk peoples, two major Native American nations in the region. The fur trade attracted settlers who founded a village called Beverwijck near Fort Orange. In 1. 66. 4 the English took over the Dutch settlements, renaming the city as Albany, in honor of the then Duke of Albany, the future James II of England and James VII of Scotland.
The city was officially chartered in 1. English rule. It became the capital of New York State in 1. United States gaining independence in the American Revolutionary War. Albany is one of the oldest surviving settlements of the original British thirteen colonies, and the longest continuously chartered city in the United States. Its charter is possibly the longest- running instrument of municipal government in the Western Hemisphere.
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It is located on the north end of the navigable Hudson River, was the original eastern terminus of the Erie Canal connecting to the Great Lakes, and was home to some of the earliest railroad systems in the world. Albany's main exports at the time were beer, lumber, published works, and ironworks. Beginning in 1. 81. Albany was one of the ten most populous cities in the United States, a distinction that it held until the 1. Albany is one of the first cities in the world to have installed public water mains, sewer lines, natural gas lines and electricity, infrastructure and utilities that attracted and supported substantial new industry to the city and surrounding area during the 1. During the 1. 92. Democratic Party arose in the state capital, connected to politics in New York City as well.
It marshalled the power of immigrants and their descendants in both cities. The city's skyline changed in the 1.
The New York Times Company.
Empire State Plaza and at the uptown campus of SUNY Albany. While Albany experienced a decline in its population due to urban sprawl and suburbanization, many of its historic neighborhoods were saved from destruction through the policies of Mayor. Erastus Corning 2nd, the longest- serving mayor of any city in the United States. In the early 2. 1st century, Albany has experienced growth in the high- technology industry, with great strides in the nanotechnology sector. The city has rebounded from the urban decline of the 1. Albany is known for its rich history, commerce, culture, architecture, and institutions of higher education.
Albany won the All- America City Award in both 1. It is likely that the Albany area was visited by European fur traders, perhaps as early as 1. Commencement of the fur trade provoked hostility from the French colony in Canada and among the natives, all of whom vied to control the trade.
In 1. 61. 8, a flood ruined the fort on Castle Island, but it was rebuilt in 1. Fort Orange. At that time the county included all of present New York State north of Dutchess and Ulster Counties in addition to present- day Bennington County, Vermont, theoretically stretching west to the Pacific Ocean. The Dongan Charter was virtually identical in content to the charter awarded to the city of New York three months earlier. At this point, Albany had a population of about 5. Tories and prisoners of war were often jailed in the Stadt Huys alongside common criminals.
After Horatio Gates' win over John Burgoyne at Saratoga in 1. Hudson Valley was generally at peace as the war raged on elsewhere. Prosperity was soon seen all over Upstate New York. Migrants from Vermont and Connecticut began flowing in, noting the advantages of living on the Hudson and trading at Albany, while being only a few days' sail from New York City. From statehood to this date, the Legislature had frequently moved the state capital between Albany, Kingston, Hurley, Poughkeepsie, and the city of New York. In the late 1. 8th and early 1.
Albany saw development of the turnpike and by 1. Albany was the turnpike center of the state. Simeon De Witt developed a grid block system in 1. British royalty. Unlike the current Barge Canal, which ends at nearby Waterford, the original Erie Canal ended at Albany; Lock 1 was located north of Colonie Street. Three years later, he discovered electromagnetic self- induction (the SI unit for which is now the henry). He went on to be the first Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution.
The Delaware and Hudson Railway was headquartered in Albany at what is now the SUNY System Administration Building. Largely thanks to the city's Dutch and German roots, beer was one of its biggest commodities. Beverwyck Brewery, originally known as Quinn and Nolan (Nolan being mayor of Albany 1. The city's location at the east end of the Erie Canal gave it unparalleled access to both raw products and a captive customer base in the west. Albany was second only to Boston in the number of books produced for most of the 1. To this day, one can see many intricate wrought- iron details on older buildings.
The iron industry waned by the 1. Mesabi Range in Minnesota.
The Bank of Albany (1. Part of the land annexed to Guilderland was ceded back to Albany in 1. Originally located on a polo field on Loudon Road, it moved to Westerlo Island in 1. The Albany Municipal Airport.
In 1. 96. 0, the mayor sold the city's stake in the airport to the county, citing budget issues. It was known from then on as Albany County Airport until a massive upgrade and modernization project between 1. Albany International Airport. It lost more than 2. Corning years, as people moved to newer housing in the suburbs, followed by most of the downtown businesses moving there as well. Averell Harriman State Office Building Campus.
Frangella once quipped, . Rockefeller did not want to be limited by the Legislature's power of the purse, so Corning devised a plan to have the county pay for the construction and have the state sign a lease- ownership agreement.
The state paid off the bonds until 2. It was Rockefeller's only viable option, and he agreed. Due to the clout Corning gained from the situation, he was able to get the State Museum, a convention center, and a restaurant, back in the plans. The county gained $3. Having the state offices located in the city enabled it to keep good jobs. One of the project's main results, since regretted, was separating the city from the Hudson River, its source of development.
Corning has been described as shortsighted with respect to use of the waterfront, as he could have used his influence to change the location of I- 7. The project would have required an underground trumpet interchange below Washington Park, connecting to the (eventually cancelled) Mid- Crosstown Arterial.
He encouraged redevelopment of historic structures and helped attract federal dollars earmarked for that purpose. What Corning had saved from destruction, Whalen refurbished for continued and new uses. Long- term office holders became rare in the 1. Local media began following the drama surrounding county politics (specifically that of the newly created county executive position); the loss of Corning (and eventually the machine) led to a lack of interest in city politics. His tenure essentially ended the political machine that had been in place since the 1.
Many state workers were relocated from the Harriman State Office Campus to downtown, helping its retail businesses and vitality. As of August 2. 01. Albany Convention Center Authority (authorized by the state legislature) had already purchased 7. Patroon Creek, along the northern border, and the Normans Kill, along the southern border, are the two major streams in the city. The former Foxes Creek, Beaver Kill, and Rutten Kill still exist, but were diverted underground in the 1.
The lowest point is sea level at the Hudson River (the average water elevation is 2 feet (0. Due to development, the Pine Bush has shrunk from an original 2.
A preserve was set up by the State Legislature in 1. Guilderland and Colonie. Albany is located in plant hardiness zone 6a near downtown and along the shore of the Hudson and 5b at its western end. Snowfall is significant, totaling 5. However, Albany is close enough to the Atlantic coast to receive heavy snow from Nor'easters and the city occasionally receives Alberta clippers.
By comparison, New York City's violent crime rate was 6. Downtown Albany is the city's oldest neighborhood, centered on State Street, one of Albany's oldest streets and its original main street. Today downtown consists mostly of office buildings inhabited by state agencies, though a recent push to bring in permanent residents has led to proposed apartments and condominiums. North is Sheridan Hollow, Arbor Hill, and North Albany; to the south is the super- neighborhood of the South End, which consists of a multitude of smaller neighborhoods including the Mansion District, the Pastures, Kenwood, Groesbeckville, Delaware Avenue, and Krank Park.
Collectively referred to as mid- town, these neighborhoods are often compared to New York City's Greenwich Village for their eclectic mix of residential and commercial uses, including bars, night clubs, restaurants, and unique stores. Albany's gay culture is vibrant in this area.